Huangshan, an innovative Nature reserve
Huangshan is not only a representative of China's famous mountains, but also has significant value of protection.It is the last primordial forest in East China. It is also the only region in East China that has priority in protection of 32 biodiversities. Huangshan is located at the intersection of north and south China, and distributes 45 species of unique flora and fauna.
Jiulongfeng Provincial Nature Reserve (including Yanghu nature reserve) is located at the west of Huangshan, covering an area of 37 square kilometers. It is also an important source of water for the Qiandaohu. There are 35 national key protected animals in the reserve, including some first class national protected animals like clouded leopard, Black fronted Muntjac，White-necked Long-tailed Pheas and 2 more kinds. In the nature reserve, we can find endangered Chinese wild pangolins, wild giant salamanders, Golden-headed box turtle and other species. There also have 50 key protected animals in Anhui Province and 190 species of National "Three Habits" wildlife (including 5 insects).
However, there are frequent human activities in the nature reserve like poaching and unlawful logging. The natural forests around the nature reserve are severely fragmented. Community residents rely heavily on access to natural resources (firewood, herbs, hunting, etc.). Although many measures have been taken, poaching and unlawful logging incidents still occur from time to time. There are also illegal fishing in streams flowing through the nature reserve, including the use of poison and electric to kill fish which are prohibited.
In March 2018, the Taohuayuan Foundation signed a cooperation agreement with the Huangshan Government to obtain the 50-year entrusted management power of Jiulongfeng. Anhui local environmenta NGO GreenAnhui cooperated with the Taohuayuan Foundation to establish the GreenAnhui Nature Conservation Center in Huangshan, responsible for the daily operation and management of the nature reserve.
In the next three years, we hope to prevent poaching and illegal collection in the nature reserve of entrusted management. Meanwhile, we hope to transfer the human activities to the extended area and benefit the communities around the nature reserve. We also hope the nature reserve can achieve 100% self-sufficient funds.
On the basis of the nature reserve, there will be a series of innovations:
Government purchase service: For the first time, the government provides some forest subsidies and nature reserve construction fund to us for protection in the form of purchasing services;
Establish a public participation channel: For the first time， we cooperate with Ant Forest to carry out the work. In just 8 days, 1.6 million netizens donated the protected land;
Try various forms to solve the problem of collective forest rights: try to solve the protection problem of collective forests through various methods such as subcontracting and agreement protection, and play a demonstration role；
It is the easiest way to realize the ecological poverty alleviation model of “lucid waters and lush mountains are invaluable assets”: the location of the nature reserve has obvious advantages； the surrounding agricultural products are rich；the tourism resources are rich. It is easy to realize ecological poverty alleviation and self-sufficiency of the nature reserve.
Cooperate with local institutions to carry out joint construction of nature reserve: for the first time，Taohuayuan carried out the project in cooperation with local institutions. Through cooperation with local institutions, it is easier to achieve the goal of protecting 1% of the country's land area.